Numbering starts in the upper left corner and moves left to right, top to bottom. For example, planting square A1 is the upper left-hand square (1st column, 1st row), while planting square C4 is the square in the 3rd column and the 4th row. I have yet to find a commercially available garden bed with an included feature for marking off planting squares.
Some of the other benefits of raised beds are: reachable - less bending and stretching gives the gardener easy access and makes maintaining and harvesting less of a task to perform; drainage - because the soil is above the ground it will not become compacted during heavy rains and will drain properly in preventing water-soaked soil;
Another approach is to use concrete blocks, although less aesthetically pleasing, they are inexpensive to source and easy to use. On the market are also prefab raised garden bed solutions which are made from long lasting polyethylene that is UV stabilized and food grade so it will not leach undesirable chemicals into the soil or deteriorate in the elements.
The first step is to calculate the dimensions on the inside of the garden bed, which is the length and width that is actually usable for planting. If you bought your beds from a commercial source, then chances are, the interior dimensions are probably a little less than the advertised size.