The spacing is such that when the vegetables are fully grown, their leaves just barely touch each other, creating a microclimate in which weed growth is suppressed and moisture is conserved. Raised beds produce a variety of benefits: they extend the planting season, they can reduce weeds if designed and planted properly, and they reduce the need to use poor native soil. Since the gardener does not walk on the raised beds, the soil is not compacted and the roots have an easier time growing.
soil content - the soil that is generally used is mostly manure, compost and soil mixtures instead of ground soil; appearance - raised beds generally make very decorative gardens because the gardener enjoys maintaining them.
Another approach is to use concrete blocks, although less aesthetically pleasing, they are inexpensive to source and easy to use. On the market are also prefab raised garden bed solutions which are made from long lasting polyethylene that is UV stabilized and food grade so it will not leach undesirable chemicals into the soil or deteriorate in the elements.
You will have fewer problems with pests gardening in raised garden beds. If you have had previous problems with burrowing rodents, a lining of chicken wire in the bottom of each will eliminate them. Weed control is much easier handle because you can walk around a raised bed without having to bend over to pull out, if you have any weeds at all.