Elevated garden beds are a good solution for plant drainage and compacting of the soil; plants will grow much better because of these facts. Raised beds will warm up faster in the springtime and continue to stay warm longer in the fall which means you can have a longer growing season.
This type of planting will discourage insects and specific vegetable pathogens that can stay in the soil over winter and planting that same crop in that bed will infect the crop.
Some of the other benefits of raised beds are: reachable - less bending and stretching gives the gardener easy access and makes maintaining and harvesting less of a task to perform; drainage - because the soil is above the ground it will not become compacted during heavy rains and will drain properly in preventing water-soaked soil;
The spacing is such that when the vegetables are fully grown, their leaves just barely touch each other, creating a microclimate in which weed growth is suppressed and moisture is conserved. Raised beds produce a variety of benefits: they extend the planting season, they can reduce weeds if designed and planted properly, and they reduce the need to use poor native soil. Since the gardener does not walk on the raised beds, the soil is not compacted and the roots have an easier time growing.