These beds do not need the usual distance between each row because you are not going to walk in the bed to cultivate or harvest. Vegetables can be spaced far enough apart to be able to avoid crowding but be close enough to shade out any weeds.
bed gardening is a form of gardening in which the soil is formed in three-to-four-foot-wide (1.0–1.2 m) beds, which can be of any length or shape. The soil is raised above the surrounding soil (approximately six inches to waist-high), is sometimes enclosed by a frame generally made of wood, rock, or concrete blocks, and may be enriched with compost. The vegetable plants are spaced in geometric patterns, much closer together than in conventional row gardening.
Companion planting is something to consider when planting in your raised vegetable garden beds. Companion herbs and companion vegetables help in the control of insects and will improve the health of the garden.
A 4x4 foot garden bed, for example, will have 16 planting squares (because there are 16 square feet in a 4x4 bed). A 4x8 foot garden bed will have 32 planting squares.