Numbering starts in the upper left corner and moves left to right, top to bottom. For example, planting square A1 is the upper left-hand square (1st column, 1st row), while planting square C4 is the square in the 3rd column and the 4th row. I have yet to find a commercially available garden bed with an included feature for marking off planting squares.
The spacing is such that when the vegetables are fully grown, their leaves just barely touch each other, creating a microclimate in which weed growth is suppressed and moisture is conserved. Raised beds produce a variety of benefits: they extend the planting season, they can reduce weeds if designed and planted properly, and they reduce the need to use poor native soil. Since the gardener does not walk on the raised beds, the soil is not compacted and the roots have an easier time growing.
soil content - the soil that is generally used is mostly manure, compost and soil mixtures instead of ground soil; appearance - raised beds generally make very decorative gardens because the gardener enjoys maintaining them.
The first step is to calculate the dimensions on the inside of the garden bed, which is the length and width that is actually usable for planting. If you bought your beds from a commercial source, then chances are, the interior dimensions are probably a little less than the advertised size.