Then, determine what you would like to use for the anchors. If you built your garden bed out of lumber, you could use nails as anchors, spacing each nail the appropriate distance as determined by the results of the calculation in Step 1 above. If your garden bed is made out of a composite material (part wood waste, part plastic), I recommend using an anchor placed on the outside of the bed. Since my beds are 6 inches high, I used 12 inch metal spikes I bought from the local hardware store, pounding them into the soil directly on the outside of the garden bed.
When gardening in these beds only means you are growing your flowers and vegetables above the ground. You can create your own by building a wooden structure with drainage holes in the bottom and fill it with your favorite organic soil mixture. Concrete blocks, bricks, or just about any material strong enough to hold the garden bed and raise it above the ground can be used.
Vegetable garden bed construction materials should be chosen carefully. Some concerns exist regarding the use of pressure-treated timber. Pine that was treated using chromated copper arsenate or CCA, a toxic chemical mix for preserving timber that may leach chemicals into the soil which in turn can be drawn up into the plants, is a concern for vegetable growers, where part or all of the plant is eaten. If using timber to raise the garden bed, ensure that it is an untreated hardwood to prevent the risk of chemicals leaching into the soil. A common approach is to use timber sleepers joined with steel rods to hold them together.
The first step is to calculate the dimensions on the inside of the garden bed, which is the length and width that is actually usable for planting. If you bought your beds from a commercial source, then chances are, the interior dimensions are probably a little less than the advertised size.