Lastly, connect your anchors using a heavy-duty string or twine, creating a grid-like pattern of planting squares. You can see an example of the results of this process in my garden bed here: Square Foot Planting Squares.
Circular raised beds with a path to the center (a slice of the circle cut out) are called keyhole gardens. Often the center has a chimney of sorts built with sticks and then lined with feedbags or grasses that allows water placed at the center to flow out into the soil and reach the plants roots.
Raised beds lend themselves to the development of complex agriculture systems that utilize many of the principles and methods of permaculture. They can be used effectively to control erosion and recycle and conserve water and nutrients by building them along contour lines on slopes.
A 4x4 foot garden bed, for example, will have 16 planting squares (because there are 16 square feet in a 4x4 bed). A 4x8 foot garden bed will have 32 planting squares.