The close plant spacing and the use of compost generally result in higher yields with raised beds in comparison to conventional row gardening. Waist-high raised beds enable the elderly and physically disabled to grow vegetables without having to bend over to tend them.
Circular raised beds with a path to the center (a slice of the circle cut out) are called keyhole gardens. Often the center has a chimney of sorts built with sticks and then lined with feedbags or grasses that allows water placed at the center to flow out into the soil and reach the plants roots.
Spacing for anchors: Usable Length (in inches) / Total Length (in inches) * 12 inches. For my beds, I calculated a spacing of 11.75 inches for my 8 foot board by dividing the Usable Length of 94 inches by the Total Length of 96 inches and multiplying this by 12. My four foot boards require a spacing of 11.56 inches.
This type of planting will discourage insects and specific vegetable pathogens that can stay in the soil over winter and planting that same crop in that bed will infect the crop.