Because these beds are sitting above the ground it permits the air to circulate around the containers and allows the sun to warm them up quicker. This will allot for earlier planting and quicker germination especially in the colder climate areas.
The first step is to calculate the dimensions on the inside of the garden bed, which is the length and width that is actually usable for planting. If you bought your beds from a commercial source, then chances are, the interior dimensions are probably a little less than the advertised size.
A double skinned wall provides an air pocket of insulation that minimizes the temperature fluctuations and drying out of the soil in the garden bed. Sometimes raised bed gardens are covered with clear plastic to protect the crops from wind and strong rains.
I wish somebody would build a Square Foot Gardening grid that you can insert into a raised garden bed to mark off squares, but until this is available, if you want to use the Square Foot Gardening method, you will need to devise your own method for marking off squares.