The close plant spacing and the use of compost generally result in higher yields with raised beds in comparison to conventional row gardening. Waist-high raised beds enable the elderly and physically disabled to grow vegetables without having to bend over to tend them.
Each planting square has an address used to identify the square. While the methods for addressing vary, one of the simplest is to use letters for columns and numbers for rows, and the combination of the two identifies the square.
Circular raised beds with a path to the center (a slice of the circle cut out) are called keyhole gardens. Often the center has a chimney of sorts built with sticks and then lined with feedbags or grasses that allows water placed at the center to flow out into the soil and reach the plants roots.
Numbering starts in the upper left corner and moves left to right, top to bottom. For example, planting square A1 is the upper left-hand square (1st column, 1st row), while planting square C4 is the square in the 3rd column and the 4th row. I have yet to find a commercially available garden bed with an included feature for marking off planting squares.