The first step is to calculate the dimensions on the inside of the garden bed, which is the length and width that is actually usable for planting. If you bought your beds from a commercial source, then chances are, the interior dimensions are probably a little less than the advertised size.
This also makes more space available for intensive crop production. They can be created over large areas with the use of several commonly available tractor-drawn implements and efficiently maintained, planted and harvested using hand tools. This form of gardening is compatible with square foot gardening and companion planting.
The 4x8 foot garden beds I bought, for instance, are 4x8 feet from end to end. But when you connect the boards at the corners, you lose a few inches, so the interior dimensions of the garden bed are actually a few inches short of the advertised size. In my case, my beds have an interior dimension of 46.25 inches x 94 inches. I refer to these dimensions as Usable Length for the remainder of this article.
Another approach is to use concrete blocks, although less aesthetically pleasing, they are inexpensive to source and easy to use. On the market are also prefab raised garden bed solutions which are made from long lasting polyethylene that is UV stabilized and food grade so it will not leach undesirable chemicals into the soil or deteriorate in the elements.