Vegetable garden bed construction materials should be chosen carefully. Some concerns exist regarding the use of pressure-treated timber. Pine that was treated using chromated copper arsenate or CCA, a toxic chemical mix for preserving timber that may leach chemicals into the soil which in turn can be drawn up into the plants, is a concern for vegetable growers, where part or all of the plant is eaten. If using timber to raise the garden bed, ensure that it is an untreated hardwood to prevent the risk of chemicals leaching into the soil. A common approach is to use timber sleepers joined with steel rods to hold them together.
Once you have worked with raised garden beds for any of your gardening whether it is a flower garden, herb garden, or vegetable garden, you may not want to have an in-ground garden again because of how easy they are for cutting, maintaining, and harvesting. Your entire family will enjoy having some garden beds that are raised above the ground including your children.
The close plant spacing and the use of compost generally result in higher yields with raised beds in comparison to conventional row gardening. Waist-high raised beds enable the elderly and physically disabled to grow vegetables without having to bend over to tend them.
Then, determine what you would like to use for the anchors. If you built your garden bed out of lumber, you could use nails as anchors, spacing each nail the appropriate distance as determined by the results of the calculation in Step 1 above. If your garden bed is made out of a composite material (part wood waste, part plastic), I recommend using an anchor placed on the outside of the bed. Since my beds are 6 inches high, I used 12 inch metal spikes I bought from the local hardware store, pounding them into the soil directly on the outside of the garden bed.