Raised beds lend themselves to the development of complex agriculture systems that utilize many of the principles and methods of permaculture. They can be used effectively to control erosion and recycle and conserve water and nutrients by building them along contour lines on slopes.
Some of the other benefits of raised beds are: reachable - less bending and stretching gives the gardener easy access and makes maintaining and harvesting less of a task to perform; drainage - because the soil is above the ground it will not become compacted during heavy rains and will drain properly in preventing water-soaked soil;
This also makes more space available for intensive crop production. They can be created over large areas with the use of several commonly available tractor-drawn implements and efficiently maintained, planted and harvested using hand tools. This form of gardening is compatible with square foot gardening and companion planting.
These beds do not need the usual distance between each row because you are not going to walk in the bed to cultivate or harvest. Vegetables can be spaced far enough apart to be able to avoid crowding but be close enough to shade out any weeds.